1. Purchasing Portfolio MatrixI believe lots of people have seen this method many times but only few people know the origin. In 1983, Peter Kraljic wrote the article "Purchasing Must Become Supply Management" for Harvard Business Review. In this article, he proposed the way to create a purchasing strategy based on different types of commodity. Later, this method is known as "Kraljic Matrix" or "Purchasing Portfolio Matrix".
The idea is to create the custom strategy based on each type of commodity. Doing this way, purchasing can pay attention to problem areas such as strategic items and bottleneck items and try to automate/decentralize the process for non-critical items.
2. Demand Profiling MatrixDemand profiling is the method presented by Dr. Janet Godsell in the article named "The Power of Supply Chain Segmentation". It incorporates various concept and can be used to manage demand side of supply chain. Example of Demand profiling matrix is as below,
3. Fisher's Matrix for Product/StrategyFisher's supply chain matrix is from the paper on Harvard Business Review by Marshall L. Fisher in 1997 called "What's the right supply chain for your products". Long story short, he said that there are 2 types of products, functional and innovative. Then he proposed what kind of strategy a company should use for each type of product.
4. Global Supply Chain MatrixIn the paper "A Taxonomy for Selecting Global Supply Chain Strategies", Martin Christopher proposed the global supply chain strategy based on the demand and lead-time characteristics as below,
This matrix looks very simple but can be very effectively if it's applied properly.
5. Supply Chain Risk MappingOne of the most popular supply chain risk case study is "Ericsson's serious sub-supplier accident". This paper explains the concept of risk mapping as below,
6. Customer Window QuadrantLots of paper in supply chain management mentions that Intel Corporation uses the technique called "Customer Window Quadrant" to classify customer satisfaction based on the level of Satisfaction and Importance.
7. Supply Chain Security MatrixThe world is more complex than it used to be and the security has become the new burden for every trading partner in supply chain. In order to avoid potential delay from security screening, supply chain security program is necessary. In 2007, World Customs Journal published the paper called "Voluntary Supply Chain Security Program Impacts: An Empirical Study with BASC Member Companies". Again, a 2x2 Matrix has been used to prioritize various security measure in terms of cost and effectiveness.
Posted by Ben Benjabutr, the editor of SupplyChainOpz.com