1. What is Kraljic Matrix?
Kraljic Matrix, also known as Purchasing Portfolio Matrix or Supply Chain Portfolio Matrix, is a method developed by Peter Kraljic in 1983. It is used to create a purchasing portfolio by segmenting items (products or services) into 4 dimensions. The result is that purchasing professionals can prioritize buying activities based on profit impact and level of risks involved.
Over the years, Kraljic Matrix method was extended and other dimensions are used to segment various issues under supply chain environment. More examples can be found in the following sections.
2. Demand Profiling Matrix
Demand profiling is the method presented by Dr. Janet Godsell in the article named "The Power of Supply Chain Segmentation". It incorporates various concept and can be used to manage demand side of supply chain. Example of Demand profiling matrix is as below,
3. Fisher's Matrix for Product/Strategy
Fisher's supply chain matrix is from the paper on Harvard Business Review by Marshall L. Fisher in 1997 called "What's the right supply chain for your products". Long story short, he said that there are 2 types of products, functional and innovative. Then he proposed what kind of strategy a company should use for each type of product.
4. Global Supply Chain Matrix
In the paper "A Taxonomy for Selecting Global Supply Chain Strategies", Martin Christopher proposed the global supply chain strategy based on the demand and lead-time characteristics as below,
This matrix looks very simple but can be very effectively if it's applied properly.
5. Supply Chain Risk Mapping
One of the most popular supply chain risk case study is "Ericsson's serious sub-supplier accident". This paper explains the concept of risk mapping as below,
6. Customer Window Quadrant
Lots of paper in supply chain management mentions that Intel Corporation uses the technique called "Customer Window Quadrant" to classify customer satisfaction based on the level of Satisfaction and Importance.
7. Supply Chain Security Matrix
The world is more complex than it used to be and the security has become the new burden for every trading partner in supply chain. In order to avoid potential delay from security screening, supply chain security program is necessary. In 2007, World Customs Journal published the paper called "Voluntary Supply Chain Security Program Impacts: An Empirical Study with BASC Member Companies". Again, a 2x2 Matrix has been used to prioritize various security measure in terms of cost and effectiveness.